Orthodontics is a specialized discipline of dentistry which deals specifically with the diagnosis, treatment, and adjustment of malocclusion and misaligned bite habits, and related jaw disorders. It may also specialize in correcting facial growth, called facial orthodontics. An orthodontist, like a general dentist, treats cases of dental decay, gum disease, jaw disorders, and facial conditions through preventive and therapeutic work. The term “orthodontics” was first used by Louis Pasteur, the German physician who developed the germ theory of disease. Orthodontics has been around since the 18th century in one form or another.Kindly view publisher site.
To enroll in orthodontic programs in America, one needs to have an accredited undergraduate degree, or an equivalent. The two most common graduate degrees in orthodontics are a PhD from a university or college, and a MS from a college or university. In order to participate in the clinical exam process, graduate students need to pass both the graduate school and the clinical exam. Some orthodontists choose to get their initial training on the job through an apprenticeship, or on an internship, while others prefer to take a year or two off and study in the field full-time before they get their official license. Others go on to get their full masters’ degrees in orthodontics from either an accredited university or a traditional university.
In order to begin orthodontics treatment, a patient must first undergo a consultation with an orthodontist who will determine the level of orthodontic services needed and recommend a course of treatment. In the American Dental Association’s (ADA’s) national orthodontics fact sheet, an orthodontist is defined as the full-time direct patient care provider. This includes not only general dental office visits, but also comprehensive treatments such as braces, appliances, hearing aids, laser surgery, crowns, implants, orthodontic manipulative therapy, jaw surgery, veneers, cosmetic dentistry, sedation dentistry, endodontic treatment, orthodontic treatment, and orthodontics. An additional post-degree requirement for dentists within the ADA’s membership is a year of professional experience in orthodontics.